The History and Culture of Stretched Ears

People have been decorating and making changes to the appearance of their bodies since recorded history began. This has taken many forms through the ages, such as tattooing, piercing, stretching, scarring, branding, muscle sculpture, hair styling and many more, and for almost as many different reasons.

The three major purposes of these forms of body modification have historically been tribal (to display allegiance to one tribe or group of people), in war (to scare the enemy and distinguish friend from foe), and for fashion and perceived beauty. Ear stretching has been popular for centuries, but this popularity has increased in Western culture in recent years.

For some, there is a profound spirituality in the protracted process of stretching ears, while for others it is fun and more involved than simple ear piercing, and the fact that fewer people do it adds to its appeal. Others have their own reasons, but irrespective of these, stretched ears have always been part of human history and will continue to be so.

Reasons For Stretching Ears

Just as with other forms of body modification or enhancement, people have historically stretched their ears for a number of reasons. For some cultures, this represented a coming of age, while for others it was carried out to enhance beauty or sexuality. Throughout the ages it has been used both for religious reasons and to protect the subject from witchcraft or evil. Ear stretching is still carried out all over the world for a variety of reasons, including those mentioned above.

If you travel to Africa, you will find that stretched ears are common among many indigenous peoples, including the Maasia in east Africa, the Mursi in Ethiopia, and it is also carried out in some Asian countries such as Thailand. In South America, stretched ears are common amongst the Huaorami of the Amazon Basin, but you generally need go no further than your own hometown to see some excellent examples of ear stretching. Stretched piercings and flesh tunnels are now a common form of ear adornment for Western youth.

Icemen and Pharaohs

One of the more famous examples from history is Ötzi the Iceman, a 5,300 year-old mummified body found in the Alps between Austria and Italy. In addition to several tattoos, Ötzi had an ear stretched to around 7 mm – 11 mm diameter. The giant Easter Island statues display stretched ear lobes, the likely reason for them being known as ‘Long Ears’. The story goes that the statues were carved in honour of the original inhabitants of the island representing them with the earlobe stretchings that were part of their culture. When a different tribe arrived on the island, they were known as ‘Short Ears’, and were forced into slavery by the Long Ears. Eventually there were more Short Ears than Long Ears, and the latter were overthrown and the statues toppled over.

In Egypt, the boy king Tutankhamen is represented as having stretched ears, and his famous golden death mask features holes that can take 10 mm diameter bars. The processes used to stretch these famous sets of ears are not known, because there are many techniques that can be used. It is likely that primitive stretchings were carried out using wooden plugs or bamboo, and although a few people like to return to these early methods, they are not recommended today for health reasons.

Stretching Ears is Not Reversible

If you are interested in stretched ears, there are certain factors of which you should be aware. The first is that it is generally permanent. Once stretched, your ears stay that way. The holes do not heal over like a normal ear piercing, so make sure that you are happy with having stretched ears for the rest of your life. There is time at the beginning to stop and allow your ears to heal back to normal, but once the diameter reached 10-12 mm, it is too late and the hole will not close up. Another is that it takes time and patience. You do not visit a piercer and come out after an hour or two with stretched ears!

If you have decided that you want it done, you are advised to have the procedure carried out professionally. Yes, you can go it alone, but a professional will provide you with the best results, and it will also be safer. It will be quicker if your ears are already pierced, because otherwise you will need that done first and then wait up to 8 weeks for it to heal. Then you can start of the stretching, or gauging as it is often referred to.

That is because the diameter of the needles used is referred to as their ‘gauge’. The gauge of a needle drops as the diameter increases, so that an 18-gauge needle is small – in fact, that’s the gauge of an average initial piercing. Once you reach a 2 gauge, the diameter is that of a pencil and so on down. An 11 mm hole is 000-gauge (actually 11.11 mm or 7/16 inch).

Ear Stretching Should Not Be Rushed

As already explained, ear stretching is a slow process, and you should never try to rush it. If you try to rush, it will likely take longer eventually because unless the ear has time to get used to each lower gauge it won’t heal properly. You might then have to start all over again. Gauged ears should not bleed and there is distinct procedure to follow. Fundamentally, you increase the diameter of the piercing in small steps, allowing healing between each step. A common way to achieve this is to use an insertion taper, where one end of the taper is the same diameter as your existing hole, and the other side is of larger diameter.

This can be in the form of a stud that you wear until you are ready for the next size up. The next stud will have one end at the current diameter and the other at the lower gauge (larger diameter). That is pushed through and secured, and you wear that until the next insertion, and so on. If you keep your ears and jewellery clean and sterilized between sessions using anti-bacterial soap or saline solution then you should heal fine between each session – allow about two weeks between sessions.

Take the Advice of the Pros

It is very important to follow the advice of the professionals, and do not try to cut corners. Many people have ruined their ears by failing to be patient, so don’t let that be you. Follow cleaning instructions to the letter, both during and after the entire stretching process. There are many different types of ear jewellery available for stretched ears, including flesh tunnels, bars and rings.

There is also a wide choice of materials, from wood or plastic to gold and platinum. Many prefer glass while others find Teflon best, particularly if they suffer allergies. Niobium, surgical stainless steel and titanium are also popular materials for stretched ear jewellery.

Keep in mind that not all can be worn indefinitely, particularly the porous materials such as wood, shell and some plastics that can harbour bacteria, yeasts and fungi. Such jewellery should be regularly removed and thoroughly cleaned and sterilized. Ear stretching sets you apart from the usual crowd, and can be a very distinctive form of ornamentation. It is something that few people regret having done.

Eyebrow Piercing – The Most Popular Types

Our eyes are among the most significant areas on the human body. Of course, an excellent means to underline the eyes is through various kinds of piercings. Whereas other types of face piercings are getting more accepted, eyebrow piercing is already a leader and still originating new styles in body piercing

According to the position it has got, eyebrow piercing can be classified into several types.

• Horizontal eyebrow piercing is horizontally located above the eyebrow, following its line. The extraordinary look of this piercing can add to the shape of your eyebrow. Jewelry options that will suit this kind of piercing include barbells, curved barbells, banana bells as well as bio-plast barbells.

• Bridge piercing represents an alternative to nose piercing. It’s the portion of skin between the top of your nose and your eyes which is pierced. Yet, this is not the best variant if you’ve got a tight skin in the area because it will dry and flake away.

• Anti-eyebrow piercing is performed slightly below the inferior eye orbit, right on the upper cheekbone. As well as the two preceding types, this one is executed exactly underneath your skin, without even touching your facial muscles or bones.

• A variant of the common eyebrow piercing is the spiral eyebrow. The difference between them is the spiral eyebrow type consists of two or three successive holes. Afterward, a spiral-shaped piece jewel is passed through all these holes.

• The T eyebrow piercing represents a typical vertical and a horizontal piercing. These are executed in immediate closeness to one another so as to create the shape of the letter “T”.

• When two or more types of piercing are combined, this is labeled as combination or multiple eyebrow piercing.

Lip Piercing – The Most Popular Types

Presently, there are various means of self-expression. Someone tries to wear an eccentric outfit. Someone else goes for a less usual haircut. Yet an additional way to express your personality is by means of lip piercing. The reason for this, above all, is the fact that our lips are probably the most expressive area on human face. Next, lip piercing is truly considered to be the easiest and the safest kind of piercing, since there are no major blood vessels located in human lips.

Although it is termed as lip piercing, it’s not necessarily located on the lip itself, and can be found anywhere around the mouth. According to the specific position they occupy or graphic images they are associated with, types of lip piercing are named as follows:

• Monroe – located on the upper lip, exactly where Marilyn Monroe had her beauty spot.

• Madonna – this is just on the opposed side of Monroe piercing, named after Madonna’s birthmark.

• Angelbites – these represent two piercings on the opposite sides of the upper lip.

• Snakebites – similar to Angelbites, but these are located on both sides of the lower lip.

• Medusa – considered being the real top labret piercing since it crosses the middle of the upper lip.

• Dahlia – another piercing executed on the upper lip, near the crease of the mouth.

• Philtrum – very similar to Medusa, refers to upper lip piercing.

• Cleft – is found on the portion between the edges of the top lip.

• Canine bites – located namely on the lip area. These are comparatively few in number if related to other types which have been previously mentioned.

How to Choose

The major thing you need to do even before you start choosing the preferable position for your piercing is trying to figure out the sensation of having these lip rings or studs inside your mouth. If you manage to understand what it will be like, then chances are that your lip piercing won’t influence the way you eat, drink or talk.

Lower lip is much more suggested for piercing for the reason that it doesn’t directly communicate with the gums. Thus you can be sure the area will be out of any danger. However, in case you take the decision to dedicate both sides of your upper lip to piercing, you should better use labret studs alone. Check out for the materials these are made of. For instance, it’s great to have labret studs made of 18 carat gold, niobium, titanium, or surgical steel. What’s more, check out that the jewels you choose for lip piercing are unproblematic to take out.